Auxiliary Bishop Johnson's Episcopal Seal

 

 

Bishop William A. Johnson, D.D.

Coadjutor Bishop

Of

The American Catholic Church in the United States

(ACCUS)

Ordinary of the Dioceses of St. Luke and

St. Damien of Molokaii’

 

Lineage of Apostolic Succession

According to Distinct Ecclesial Communities

 

Overview:

 

The “Four Marks” of the Catholic Church have been clearly recognized since the First Council of Nicea in 325 CE. When St. Athanasius presented to the Council Fathers his Creed, he identified the core beliefs of all Christians. In the Nicene Creed, this Eastern Father stated the four marks of the Church as: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic. All four of these elements are necessary to constitute a living and saving lineage back to Christ and the community that he called into being.

 

The Apostolic mark, refers back to the indisputable belief that authentic Christian communities are borne of authentic Ministers celebrating the sacraments, especially the Eucharist. For these ministers to be authentic, they must be direct recipients of the Gift of the Holy Spirit, through the laying on of hands, by a bishop who is also a direct recipient of the same gift through the hands of another bishop, and so on. No one can claim valid ordained ministry in the Catholic Church if they cannot trace the origins of their ministry back to a bishop who can trace their lineage back to one of the Apostles.

 

Apostolic Succession is the litmus test for all communities that call themselves Catholic.

 

On October 3, 2009 at a solemn Mass of Consecration held at the Good Shepherd Lutheran Church in Frederick, MD by the Presiding Archbishop of the American Catholic Church in the United States. The Most Reverend Lawrence J. Harms consecrated William A. Johnson through the laying on of hands. Two other bishops of Apostolic Succession assisted Archbishop Harms in the sacred task of passing onto Bishop William the gift of the Episcopacy by the grace of the Holy Spirit. The co-consecrating bishops were:

 

1.     Most Reverend Carl Gregory Purvenas-Smith, OSB (CACINA)

2.     Most Reverend Michael Bernard Norton (formerly of CACINA)

 

By the laying on of hands, each of these Catholic bishops transmitted to Bishop William A. Johnson a lineage of succession that is traced back to the Apostles along 11 valid lines of succession:

 

1.     Duarte-Costa Line (Roman)

2.     Utrecht Line (Roman)

3.     Milingo (Roman)

4.     Greek Orthodox Line

5.     Russian Orthodox Line

6.     Albanian Orthodox Line

7.     Coptic Orthodox Line

8.     Cyprian Orthodox Line

9.     Antioch Orthodox

10.   Reformed Episcopalian

11.   Malankara/Syrian/Jacobite Line (Orthodox)

 

The current listing of the Apostolic Succession of all of the bishops who participated in the consecration of Archbishop Harms exceeds 200 pages on two Excel Spreadsheets. In order to make the listing easier to present, the information contained in the spreadsheet will be summarized according to each bishop.

 


 

Bishop Carl Gregory Purvenas-Smith, OSB

 

 

A source for the Russian Orthodox, Antiochene Orthodox, Utrecht/Roman, and Carlos-Duarte/Roman lines

 

Bishop Purvenas-Smith was consecrated on November 29, 1994 by Bishop Bishop Thomas Owen Sargent

 

Of the two bishops who co-consecrated Bishop Purvenas-Smith in 1994

Bishop Thomas C. Clary

And

Bishop Judith Carolyn Catherine Adams

 

Bishop Clary was consecrated on April 30, 1994 by Bishop Brian Glenn Turkington from whom the Russian Orthodox line transmitted to

Bishop Purvenas-Smith

 

Bishop Thomas Owen Sargent, the Principle Consecrator of Bishop Purvenas-Smith, was consecrated by Bishop John Noel Murray

 

Of the two bishops who co-consecrated Bishop Sargent

Bishop Richard Sittinger

And

Bishop Joseph L. Vredenburgh

 

Bishop Vredenburgh was consecrated on August 26, 1963 and is the one from who the Antiochene line was transmitted to Bishop Purvenas-Smith in nine lines of episcopal predecessors, and the Utrecht/Roman through one line of episcopal predecessors in an sub conditione consecration in July 30, 1942

 

Bishop Purvenas-Smith was consecrated ad cautelam on December 29, 1997 by Bishop Raymond Francis Kelly

 

Two other bishops participated as co-consecrators with Bishop Kelly

Bishop Joseph Hladney

And

Bishop Michel Joseph Pugin

 

All of the bishops in view of ad cautelam consecration transmitted to Bishop Purvenas-Smith the Duarte-Costa/Roman lines of succession

 

 

Thus, the Russian Orthodox, Utrecht/Roman, and Carlos-Duarte/Roman lines were transmitted to Bishop Johnson through

Bishop Purvenas-Smith, OSB

 


 

Bishop Michael Bernard Norton

 

 

A source for the Duarte-Costa lines

 

 

Bishop Norton was consecrated Bishop on April 28, 2001 by Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms

 

Only one other bishop participated in the consecration of Bishop Norton:

Bishop Joseph Anderson Johnson

 

Bishop Johnson was consecrated on August 27, 1997 by Bishop Carlos Escobedo

 

Bishop Escobedo was consecrated on October 8, 1988 by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez

 

Bishop Castillo-Mendez was consecrated on May 3, 1948 by Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa

 

Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa was consecrated on December 8, 1924 by Sebastiao Leme Cardinal Da Silveira Cintra

 

Thus, the Carlos-Duarte/Roman line was transmitted to Bishop Johnson through Bishop Norton


 

Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms

 

 

Solely through the “laying on of hands” of Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms,

the following eleven lines of Apostolic Succession were transmitted to Bishop William A. Johnson:

 

Duarte-Costa Line (Roman)

Utrecht Line (Roman)

Milingo (Roman)

Greek Orthodox Line

Russian Orthodox Line

Albanian Orthodox Line

Coptic Orthodox Line

Cyprian Orthodox Line

Antioch Orthodox

Reformed Episcopalian

Malankara/Syrian/Jacobite Line (Orthodox)

 

The following lists of Bishops in this document will demonstrate the source of all of the lines that are contained in the +Harms line of succession.


 

Bishop John Rinaldi

 

 

A source for the Russian Orthodox lines

 

 

Bishop Rinaldi was consecrated Bishop in 1994 by Bishop Thomas Clay

 

Of the three bishops who consecrated Bishop Clay on April 30, 1994:

Bishop Brian G. Turkington

Bishop Martha Theresa Schultz

And

Bishop Carolyn Catherine Adams, who was previously consecrated by

Bishop Martha Theresa Schultz

 

Only Bishop Martha Schultz produces two sources of the Russian Orthodox line:

Bishop Frank Ellsworth Hughes

And

Bishop Chris Grier

 

Both of these bishops were consecrated by Herman Adrian Spruit

 

Bishop Spruit was consecrated Bishop on June 22, 1957 by:

Bishop Charles H. Hampton

 

Bishop Hampton was consecrated Bishop on September 13, 1931 by

Bishop Henry Joseph Kleefisch

 

Bishop Kleefisch was consecrated Bishop in 1918 by:

Patriarch Sergius I of the Russian Orthodox Church

 

Thus, the Russian Orthodox line was transmitted to Archbishop Harms through

Bishop Rinaldi

 

 


Bishop Donald Jeremiah Buttenbusch

 

 

A source for two of the Duarte-Costa (Roman lines)

 

 

Bishop Buttenbusch was consecrated Bishop on September 22, 1990 by:

Bishop Justo Roque Gonzalez Trininio

And

Bishop Jose Juan Villegas

 

Both of these bishops were consecrated by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez,

Second Patriarch of ICAB

He was consecrated by the Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa on May 3, 1948

 

Patriarch Duarte-Costa was consecrated Sebastio Leme Cardinal Silveira Cintra on December 8, 1924

 

This Roman line traces back to Bishop Leone de Simone who was consecrated Bishop in 1442

 

(Also known as the Scipione Rebiba line—the “Gold Standard” of Roman Apostolic Succession)

 

 


 

Bishop Jude Egbe

 

 

A source for the Duarte-Costa Line (Roman line), the Milingo Roman line, as well as:

Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Albanian Orthodox, Malankara, Syrian Jacobite, Antioch Orthodox, Reformed Episcopalian, and Utrecht (Roman line).

 

 

Bishop Egbe was consecrated by Archbishop George Stallings.

 

Archbishop George Stallings was originally consecrated on May 20, 1990 by:

Archbishop Richard W. Bridges

Bishop Marciel Marshall

Bishop Emile Rodriguez y Fairfield

And

Bishop Jurgen Bless

 

Through Bishop Emile Rodriguez y Fairfield who was consecrated on August 15, 1954 by Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa

Patriarch of ICAB

The Duarte-Costa (Roman Line) was transmitted.

 

Through Bishop Jurgen Bless who was consecrated on March 14, 1987 by:

Bishop Peter Paul Brennan

 

Eight more lines of Apostolic Succession were transmitted.

 

Bishop Brennan was first consecrated on June 10, 1978 by:

Bishop Richard Thomas McFarland

And

Archbishop Leonard Joseph Curreri

 

Archbishop Curreri was consecrated Bishop on April 23, 1977 by:

Bishop Francis Joseph Ryan

 

Bishop Ryan was consecrated Bishop on December 7, 1969 by:

Metropolitan Walter Propheta:

Who transmitted the Malankara, Syrian Jacobite, Russian, Albanian Orthodox lines, as well as the Utrecht (Roman lines)

 

 

Archbishop John Chaissone (Christian):

Who transmitted the Russian and Greek Orthodox lines, as well as the Reformed Episcopalian lines.

 

And

 

Metropolitan Andrei (William Andrew Prasky)

Who transmitted the Antioch Orthodox lines

 

Archbishop George Stallings received a sub conditione consecration on September 24, 2006 by:

Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo

 

Archbishop Milingo was consecrated Bishop on August 1, 1969 by Pope Paul VI

Thus transmitting the Roman line.

 


 

Bishop Michael Scalzi

 

 

A source for the Russian Orthodox line.

 

 

Bishop Scalzi was consecrated Bishop by Bishop Robert Allmen.

 

Bishop Allmen was consecrated Bishop in 1995 by:

Bishop William D. Donovan.

 

Bishop Donovan was consecrated Bishop on November 14, 1993 by:

Bishop Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout

 

Bishop Van Camenhout was consecrated Bishop on October 10, 1993 by:

Bishop Joseph Philip Sousa

 

Bishop Souza was consecrated Bishop on July 14, 1991 by:

Bishop Paul Michael Clemens

 

Bishop Clemens was consecrated Bishop in 1988 by:

Bishop Herman Adrian Spruit

 

Bishop Spruit was consecrated Bishop on June 22, 1957 by:

Bishop Charles H. Hampton

 

Bishop Hampton was consecrated Bishop on September 13, 1931 by

Bishop Henry Joseph Kleefisch

 

Bishop Kleefisch was consecrated Bishop in 1918 by:

Patriarch Sergius I of the Russian Orthodox Church

 

Thus, the Russian Orthodox line was transmitted to Archbishop Harms through Bishop Scalzi

 


 

Bishop John Anderson Johnson

 

 

A source of the Duarte-Costa (Roman line)

 

Bishop Johnson was consecrated Bishop on August 27, 1997 by Bishop Carlos Escobedo

 

Bishop Escobedo was consecrated a Bishop on October 8, 1988 by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez

 

Bishop Castillo-Mendez was consecrated a Bishop on May 3, 1948 by Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa

Patriarch of ICAB

 

Bishop Duarte-Costa was consecrated on December 8, 1948 by Sebastio Leme Cardinal Silveira Cintra

 

This Roman line traces back to Bishop Leone de Simone who was consecrated Bishop in 1442

 

(Also known as the Scipione Rebiba line—the “Gold Standard” of Roman Apostolic Succession)


 

Bishop William Timlin

 

 

A source for the Duarte-Costa (Roman line); Cyprian, Antioch, Coptic, Russian, and Albanian Orthodox, and the Utrecht (Roman line)

 

 

Bishop Timlin was consecrated Bishop on November 19, 1976 by:

Bishop John A. Chaisson (Christian)

Bishop Wayne R. Price (Matththaios)

And

Bishop Bishop William Andrew Praszky

 

Bishop Chaisson (Christian) was consecrated Bishop on July 30, 1965 by:

Bishop Theoklitus Kantaris

And

Bishop William Myron Propheta

 

Through Bishop Kantaris, Bishop Chaisson inherited the Cyprian Orthodox line through consecration by Archbishop Makarios III

(Michael Kykkotiz)

Patriarch of Cypress

 

Through Bishop Propeta, Bishop Chaisson inherited 7 Russian Orthodox lines (Bishop Nikon, Bishop Alexander Nemolovski), 4 Albanian Orthodox lines (Bishop Yadho), 1 Antioch Orthodox (Bishop Joseph Rene Vilatte), 1 Utrecht (Roman line), 3 Syrian Jacobite Orthodox (Mar Dionysius Joseph, Bishop Paolo Miraglia Gulotti) and 3 Malankara Orthodox lines [Paulos Mar Ivanios (Murimarton), Mar Gregorius Abdullah, Bishop Paolo Miraglia Gulotti].

 

Through Bishop Price (Matththaios), Bishop Timlin inherited the Duarte-Costa (Roman line) through Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa

Patriarch of ICAB, the Coptic Orthodox line through Pope Cyril VI

Coptic Pope, and 2 Antioch Orthodox lines through Mar Ignatius Peter III (Boutros Ibn Salmo Mesko) and Bishop William Andrew Praszky.