Bishop William A. Johnson, D.D.
Coadjutor Bishop Of The American Catholic Church in the States (ACCUS)
Ordinary of the Dioceses of St. Luke and St. Damien of Molokaii’
Lineage of Apostolic Succession
According to Distinct Ecclesial Communities
The “Four Marks” of the Catholic Church have been clearly recognized since the First Council of Nicea in 325 CE. When St. Athanasius presented to the Council Fathers his Creed, he identified the core beliefs of all Christians. In the Nicene Creed, this Eastern Father stated the four marks of the Church as: One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic. All four of these elements are necessary to constitute a living and saving lineage back to Christ and the community that he called into being.
The Apostolic mark, refers back to the indisputable belief that authentic Christian communities are borne of authentic Ministers celebrating the sacraments, especially the Eucharist. For these ministers to be authentic, they must be direct recipients of the Gift of the Holy Spirit, through the laying on of hands, by a bishop who is also a direct recipient of the same gift through the hands of another bishop, and so on. No one can claim valid ordained ministry in the Catholic Church if they cannot trace the origins of their ministry back to a bishop who can trace their lineage back to one of the Apostles.
Apostolic Succession is the litmus test for all communities that call themselves Catholic.
On October 3, 2009 at a solemn Mass of Consecration held at the Good Shepherd Lutheran Church in Frederick, MD by the Presiding Archbishop of the American Catholic Church in the United States. The Most Reverend Lawrence J. Harms consecrated William A. Johnson through the laying on of hands. Two other bishops of Apostolic Succession assisted Archbishop Harms in the sacred task of passing onto Bishop William the gift of the Episcopacy by the grace of the Holy Spirit. The co-consecrating bishops were:
By the laying on of hands, each of these Catholic bishops transmitted to Bishop William A. Johnson a lineage of succession that is traced back to the Apostles along 11 valid lines of succession:
The current listing of the Apostolic Succession of all of the bishops who participated in the consecration of Archbishop Harms exceeds 200 pages on two Excel Spreadsheets. In order to make the listing easier to present, the information contained in the spreadsheet will be summarized according to each bishop.
Bishop Carl Gregory Purvenas-Smith, OSB
A source for the Russian Orthodox, Antiochene Orthodox, Utrecht/Roman, and Carlos-Duarte/Roman lines.
Bishop Purvenas-Smith was consecrated on November 29, 1994 by Bishop Bishop Thomas Owen Sargent. Of the two bishops who co-consecrated Bishop Purvenas-Smith in 1994, Bishop Thomas C. Clary and Bishop Judith Carolyn Catherine Adams.
Bishop Clary was consecrated on April 30, 1994 by Bishop Brian Glenn Turkington from whom the Russian Orthodox line transmitted to Bishop Purvenas-Smith.
Bishop Thomas Owen Sargent, the Principle Consecrator of Bishop Purvenas-Smith, was consecrated by Bishop John Noel Murray. Of the two bishops who co-consecrated Bishop Sargent, Bishop Richard Sittinger and Bishop Joseph L. Vredenburgh.
Bishop Vredenburgh was consecrated on August 26, 1963 and is the one from who the Antiochene line was transmitted to Bishop Purvenas-Smith in nine lines of episcopal predecessors, and the Utrecht/Roman through one line of episcopal predecessors in an sub conditione consecration in July 30, 1942.
Bishop Purvenas-Smith was consecrated ad cautelam on December 29, 1997 by Bishop Raymond Francis Kelly. Two other bishops participated as co-consecrators with Bishop Kelly, Bishop Joseph Hladney and Bishop Michel Joseph Pugin.
All of the bishops in view of ad cautelam consecration transmitted to Bishop Purvenas-Smith the Duarte-Costa/Roman lines of succession
Thus, the Russian Orthodox, Utrecht/Roman, and Carlos-Duarte/Roman lines were transmitted to Bishop Johnson through Bishop Purvenas-Smith, OSB.
Bishop Michael Bernard Norton
A source for the Duarte-Costa lines.
Bishop Norton was consecrated Bishop on April 28, 2001 by Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms. Only one other bishop participated in the consecration of Bishop Norton: Bishop Joseph Anderson Johnson.
Bishop Johnson was consecrated on August 27, 1997 by Bishop Carlos Escobedo. Bishop Escobedo was consecrated on October 8, 1988 by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez.
Bishop Castillo-Mendez was consecrated on May 3, 1948 by Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa. Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa was consecrated on December 8, 1924 by Sebastiao Leme Cardinal Da Silveira Cintra. Thus, the Carlos-Duarte/Roman line was transmitted to Bishop Johnson through Bishop Norton.
Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms
Solely through the “laying on of hands” of Archbishop Lawrence J. Harms,
the following eleven lines of Apostolic Succession were transmitted to Bishop William A. Johnson:
The following lists of Bishops in this document will demonstrate the source of all of the lines that are contained in the +Harms line of succession.
Bishop John Rinaldi
A source for the Russian Orthodox lines.
Bishop Rinaldi was consecrated Bishop in 1994 by Bishop Thomas Clay. Of the three bishops who consecrated Bishop Clay on April 30, 1994: Bishop Brian G. Turkington, Bishop Martha Theresa Schultz and Bishop Carolyn Catherine Adams, who was previously consecrated by Bishop Martha Theresa Schultz. Only Bishop Martha Schultz produces two sources of the Russian Orthodox line: Bishop Frank Ellsworth Hughes and Bishop Chris Grier. Both of these bishops were consecrated by Herman Adrian Spruit.
Bishop Spruit was consecrated Bishop on June 22, 1957 by Bishop Charles H. Hampton. Bishop Hampton was consecrated Bishop on September 13, 1931 by Bishop Henry Joseph Kleefisch. Bishop Kleefisch was consecrated Bishop in 1918 by Patriarch Sergius I of the Russian Orthodox Church. Thus, the Russian Orthodox line was transmitted to Archbishop Harms through Bishop Rinaldi.
Bishop Donald Jeremiah Buttenbusch
A source for two of the Duarte-Costa (Roman lines).
Bishop Buttenbusch was consecrated Bishop on September 22, 1990 by Bishop Justo Roque Gonzalez Trininio and Bishop Jose Juan Villegas. Both of these bishops were consecrated by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez, Second Patriarch of ICAB. He was consecrated by the Patriarch Carlos Duarte-Costa on May 3, 1948. Patriarch Duarte-Costa was consecrated Sebastio Leme Cardinal Silveira Cintra on December 8, 1924.
This Roman line traces back to Bishop Leone de Simone who was consecrated Bishop in 1442. (Also known as the Scipione Rebiba line—the “Gold Standard” of Roman Apostolic Succession)
Bishop Jude Egbe
A source for the Duarte-Costa Line (Roman line), the Milingo Roman line, as well as: Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Albanian Orthodox, Malankara, Syrian Jacobite, Antioch Orthodox, Reformed Episcopalian, and Utrecht (Roman line).
Bishop Egbe was consecrated by Archbishop George Stallings. Archbishop George Stallings was originally consecrated on May 20, 1990 by Archbishop Richard W. Bridges, Bishop Marciel Marshall, Bishop Emile Rodriguez y Fairfield and Bishop Jurgen Bless.
Through Bishop Emile Rodriguez y Fairfield who was consecrated on August 15, 1954 by Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa Patriarch of ICAB. The Duarte-Costa (Roman Line) was transmitted.
Through Bishop Jurgen Bless who was consecrated on March 14, 1987 by Bishop Peter Paul Brennan.
Eight more lines of Apostolic Succession were transmitted.
Bishop Brennan was first consecrated on June 10, 1978 by Bishop Richard Thomas McFarland and Archbishop Leonard Joseph Curreri. Archbishop Curreri was consecrated Bishop on April 23, 1977 by Bishop Francis Joseph Ryan. Bishop Ryan was consecrated Bishop on December 7, 1969 by Metropolitan Walter Propheta, who transmitted the Malankara, Syrian Jacobite, Russian, Albanian Orthodox lines, as well as the Utrecht (Roman lines). Archbishop John Chaissone (Christian), who transmitted the Russian and Greek Orthodox lines, as well as the Reformed Episcopalian lines. Metropolitan Andrei (William Andrew Prasky), who transmitted the Antioch Orthodox lines.
Archbishop George Stallings received a sub conditione consecration on September 24, 2006 by Archbishop Emmanuel Milingo. Archbishop Milingo was consecrated Bishop on August 1, 1969 by Pope Paul VI. Thus transmitting the Roman line.
Bishop Michael Scalzi
A source for the Russian Orthodox line.
Bishop Scalzi was consecrated Bishop by Bishop Robert Allmen. Bishop Allmen was consecrated Bishop in 1995 by Bishop William D. Donovan. Bishop Donovan was consecrated Bishop on November 14, 1993 by Bishop Willibrord Johannes Van Campenhout. Bishop Van Camenhout was consecrated Bishop on October 10, 1993 by Bishop Joseph Philip Sousa. Bishop Souza was consecrated Bishop on July 14, 1991 by Bishop Paul Michael Clemens. Bishop Clemens was consecrated Bishop in 1988 by Bishop Herman Adrian Spruit. Bishop Spruit was consecrated Bishop on June 22, 1957 by Bishop Charles H. Hampton. Bishop Hampton was consecrated Bishop on September 13, 1931 by Bishop Henry Joseph Kleefisch. Bishop Kleefisch was consecrated Bishop in 1918 by Patriarch Sergius I of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Thus, the Russian Orthodox line was transmitted to Archbishop Harms through Bishop Scalzi
Bishop John Anderson Johnson
A source of the Duarte-Costa (Roman line).
Bishop Johnson was consecrated Bishop on August 27, 1997 by Bishop Carlos Escobedo. Bishop Escobedo was consecrated a Bishop on October 8, 1988 by Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo-Mendez. Bishop Castillo-Mendez was consecrated a Bishop on May 3, 1948 by Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa, Patriarch of ICAB.
Bishop Duarte-Costa was consecrated on December 8, 1948 by Sebastio Leme Cardinal Silveira Cintra.
This Roman line traces back to Bishop Leone de Simone who was consecrated Bishop in 1442. (Also known as the Scipione Rebiba line—the “Gold Standard” of Roman Apostolic Succession.)
Bishop William Timlin
A source for the Duarte-Costa (Roman line); Cyprian, Antioch, Coptic, Russian, and Albanian Orthodox, and the Utrecht (Roman line).
Bishop Timlin was consecrated Bishop on November 19, 1976 by Bishop John A. Chaisson (Christian). Bishop Wayne R. Price (Matththaios) and Bishop Bishop William Andrew Praszky. Bishop Chaisson (Christian) was consecrated Bishop on July 30, 1965 by Bishop Theoklitus Kantaris and Bishop William Myron Propheta. Through Bishop Kantaris, Bishop Chaisson inherited the Cyprian Orthodox line through consecration by Archbishop Makarios III (Michael Kykkotiz) Patriarch of Cypress. Through Bishop Propeta, Bishop Chaisson inherited 7 Russian Orthodox lines (Bishop Nikon, Bishop Alexander Nemolovski), 4 Albanian Orthodox lines (Bishop Yadho), 1 Antioch Orthodox (Bishop Joseph Rene Vilatte), 1 Utrecht (Roman line), 3 Syrian Jacobite Orthodox (Mar Dionysius Joseph, Bishop Paolo Miraglia Gulotti) and 3 Malankara Orthodox lines [Paulos Mar Ivanios (Murimarton), Mar Gregorius Abdullah, Bishop Paolo Miraglia Gulotti].
Through Bishop Price (Matththaios), Bishop Timlin inherited the Duarte-Costa (Roman line) through Bishop Carlos Duarte-Costa. Patriarch of ICAB, the Coptic Orthodox line through Pope Cyril VI Coptic Pope, and 2 Antioch Orthodox lines through Mar Ignatius Peter III (Boutros Ibn Salmo Mesko) and Bishop William Andrew Praszky.